The Offer Of The Kingdom To Israel

Blow The Trumpet In Zion

I. Video Data. Gaither Vocal Band.

II. Introduction.

A. In this article we will discuss key aspects of the Kingdom. First of all, at the first advent of Christ, He did not bring the Kingdom to earth. Neither did the Kingdom come while Jesus was on earth, or at the time of His ascension to Heaven. nor did the Kingdom come at any time following His ascension to heaven. We are not in the Kingdom now. We are not Kingdom builders. We are not doing Kingdom work, and never will we do anything to make the earth ready for the Kingdom. We are not doing anything to “bring the Kingdom in.” No one other than Jesus will “bring the Kingdom in.” The Kingdom will not come until after Christ’s physical descent from heaven to earth from heaven in bodily form, which eliminates the rapture of the church as being the time and event for the Kingdom to come to earth. The Kingdom will only come at the time of the second advent of Christ, when He descends from Heaven to earth, with His saints following Him, at the end of the Tribulation.

B. As we begin this discussion on the Kingdom, it will be necessary to define the word, “Gospel.”  Per, the Unger Bible Dictionary (Merrill F. Unger, Th.M., Th.D., Ph. D., 1909-1980) the meaning of “Gospel,” is “good news,” the good news of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-4). Also, the “Gospel” of the Kingdom,” is the good news that God’s purpose is to establish an earthly mediatorial kingdom in fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant (II Sam 7:16).  The following verses speak of the “Gospel of the Kingdom,” and the “Gospel of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ.” 

1. Matthew 24:14 This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.  

2. 1 Corinthians 15:1-8: “1 Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,5 and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.6 After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep;7 then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles;8 and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also.

III. Introduction. 

A. We will begin this discussion with the offer of the Kingdom of Jesus being made to Israel. Jesus and His disciples preached the Gospel of the Kingdom, only to Israel (Matthew 10:5-7). As will be discovered, the Kingdom was not offered to the Church. We will also discuss the Gospel of the “death, burial and resurrection” of Christ, which has been the message of Christians to the unbelieving world which began on the day of Pentecost, and continues to the day in which we now live (Acts 2:22-29). From the Day of Pentecost, forward, the focus of the ministry of believers in Christ, to unbelievers, has been “Christ, and Him crucified” (Acts 4:10; 1 Corinthians 1:23, 2:2). 

B. As you read the following verses in Matthew through Luke, the offer of the Kingdom to Israel will be clearly seen.  Comments will be added  to explain other uses of “Kingdom.” Matthew, Mark and Luke are called the synoptic gospels, as they tell the same story, which is of the offer of the Kingdom being made to Israel, with “repentance relating to the Jews,” and their need to change their minds about Jesus being “King Jesus,” which was a stipulation for Israel to accept God’s chosen King (Deuteronomy 17:15; Luke 13:5). Isaiah 7:14 stated that Christ would be “God with us,” with the reinforcement of Matthew 1:23-25.  The Kingdom was taken from Israel at the time of the destruction of Judah and Jerusalem in 586 B.C. (2 Chronicles 36:11-21). On the day that Jesus ascended to Heaven, His disciples asked Him, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” (Acts 1:6); it was clear to the disciples that the Kingdom had not yet come. The Gospel of John is related more to personal salvation, with “belief in Christ” being the requirement for individual salvation (John 3:16-18; 11:25-28; 20:31). The offer of the Kingdom was being made to Israel, as a nation, but with the stipulation of John 3:3, “the new birth,” occurring before anyone (Jew or Gentile) could enter into the Kingdom. See the following note, which shows the differences in the Gospel accounts: 10. “Kingdom Of God” versus “Eternal Life.”

C. The emphasis on the Kingdom of God found in the synoptics is largely missing in John (the phrase basileiva tou’ qeou’ occurs only twice in John’s Gospel (3:3, 5) and the noun basileiva only three times (all in 18:36). Instead we find John’s emphasis on ‘eternal life’ as a present reality (John 5:24 etc.). The emphasis on ‘eternal life’ in John’s Gospel is closer to the letters of Paul than to the synoptic gospels (W. Walt Harris, III, Th. M., Ph. D., https://bible.org/seriespage/2-major-differences-between-john-and-synoptic-gospels).

IV. Consider the following verses that relate to the Kingdom: A. Kingdom Verses: Matthew:

1. Matthew 3:2 “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (The kingdom was at hand, but Israel had to repent of their ideas about Jesus, and receive Him as God’s chosen king for the kingdom to come (Deu 17:15).

2. Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” (See Matt 3:2).

3. Matthew 4:23 Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness among the people (Jesus taught the Jews about the kingdom).

4. Matthew 6:10 ‘Your kingdom come. Your will be done, On earth as it is in heaven (When the kingdom comes, conditions on earth will be as they are in heaven, which will be without sin). 

5. Matthew 7:21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. (At the end of the Tribulation, when the Jews are about to be decimated, they will have to call on Jesus in faith, in order for them to physically be saved, and to enter the kingdom (Zech 12:10), which will be for them to be born again (John 3:3). This Matt 7:21 salvation requirement is not anything that we, in the church age, have to do to have eternal life with Christ life (John 3:16).

6. Matthew 9:35 Jesus was going through all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness (Jesus was teaching the kingdom to Jews, which had not yet come). 

7. Matthew 16:19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.”[Peter was told he would be given authority from heaven to implement in the coming church age (Louis A. Barbieri, Jr., Th. M., Th. D., Bible Knowledge Commentary)].

8. Matthew 16:28“ Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”[The explanation is found in the transfiguration (Mt 17:1-8), (Barbieri); when the disciples witnessed the Transfiguration (Mt 17:1-8), which was, in miniature, a preview of the kingdom, with the Lord appearing in a state of glory (Dan 7:9-14.) (Ryrie Study Bible, Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016), )].

9. Matt 19:28 And Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, that you who have followed Me, in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne, you also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel (In the kingdom, the apostles will rule over the other Jews who will be present during the kingdom, in Israel (Ezek 37:21; Matt 24:31), which shows that “the kingdom has not yet come).

10. Matthew 21:43 Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it. [ I. e., taken from the Jews and given to the church, which is composed largely of Gentiles (1 Pet 2:9, Ryrie Study Bible). “The people” refers to the church (Rom 10:9, 1 Pet 2:9-10). “But the kingdom has not been completely taken away from Israel forever (Rom 11:15, 25). And, the church is not now inheriting the kingdom (Barbieri)]. 

11. Matthew 23:13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in (The Pharisees were preventing others from entering the kingdom. Their failure to accept Jesus as Messiah had placed a stumbling block in the paths of their countrymen. For this they stood condemned (Barbieri)].

12. Matthew 24:7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes [This will happen during the Tribulation (Ryrie Study Bible)].

13. Matthew 24:14 This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come [This will happen during the Tribulation. The Gospel of the Kingdom was preached while Christ was on earth, and will be preached again during the Tribulation. In the church age, we preach the Gospel of the death, burial and resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:1-8)].

14. Matthew 26:29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” [This took place at the Passover Meal on the evening before Christ was crucified the next day, Friday (Luke 23:46, 49-56). During the Kingdom, the Passover will be observed (Ezek 45:21). Ryrie note: The disciples’ attention is directed toward their eventual reunion in the future millennial kingdom with its joy and fellowship)].

B. Kingdom verses: Mark:

1. Mark 1:15 and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.” [(The rule of Messiah on earth, promised in the OT and earnestly longed for by the Jewish people was near, for the Messiah had now come. However, the people rejected rather than accepted Him, and the fulfillment of the kingdom promises had to be delayed until God’s purpose in saving Jews and Gentiles and forming His church was completed. Then, Christ will return and set up God’s kingdom on this earth (Acts 15:14-16; Rev 19:15) (Ryrie)].

2. Mark 14:25 Truly I say to you, I will never again drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”  [This took place at the Passover Meal, on the evening before Christ was crucified the next day, Friday (Luke 23:46, 49-56). During the Kingdom, the Passover will be observed (Ezek 45:21). Ryrie note: The disciples’ attention is directed toward their eventual reunion in the future millennial kingdom with its joy and fellowship)].

C. Kingdom verses: Luke:

1. Luke 1:33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.” [As the Davidic Messiah, Jesus will reign over the house of Jacob (as well as the whole world), which will happen in the millennial kingdom. This promise is not now being fulfilled simply because Christ is at the right hand of the Father, which is never equated with the throne of David (Ryrie)].

2. Luke 4:43 But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.” [Jesus had a ministry to the rest of the  nation of Israel (Dr. John A. Martin, Th. M., Th. D., Bible Knowledge Commentary)]. 

3. Luke 8:1-3 1 Soon afterwards, He began going around from one city and village to another, proclaiming and preaching the kingdom of God. The twelve were with Him, 2 and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and sicknesses: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,3 and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who were contributing to their support out of their private means [(The teaching of the Kingdom continued in other Jewish cities (Lk 7:1, 5, 17, 36)].

4. Luke 9:2 And He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to perform healing [The teaching of the kingdom continued to the Jews (Martin)].

5. Luke 9:11 But the crowds were aware of this and followed Him; and welcoming them, He began speaking to them about the kingdom of God and curing those who had need of healing (The teaching of the kingdom continued to the Jews).

6. Luke 10:9-11:  9 “and heal those in it who are sick, and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 10 But whatever city you enter and they do not receive you, go out into its streets and say, 11 ‘Even the dust of your city which clings to our feet we wipe off in protest against you; yet be sure of this, that the kingdom of God has come near’” (The teaching of the kingdom continues to the Jews).

7. Luke 12:31-32: “But seek His kingdom, and these things will be added to you. 32 Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom.” [(These pre-Pentecost Jews were told to seek the kingdom. In the church age we are told to believe in Christ to be saved (Acts 16:30-31), which will allow us entry into Heaven, from where we will return to earth and enter the kingdom].

8. Luke 13:28-29: “28 In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but yourselves being thrown out. 29 And they will come from east and west and from north and south, and will recline at the table in the kingdom of God.” [Only Godly Jews will be in the kingdom. Godly Gentiles will also be in the kingdom, which was a surprise to many Jews.) (Martin)].

9. Luke 14:15 When one of those who were reclining at the table with Him heard this, he said to Him, “Blessed is everyone who will eat bread in the kingdom of God!” [A seemingly pious remark for the purpose of dulling the point of Christ’s teaching) (Ryrie)].

10. Luke 16:16 “The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until John; since that time the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is forcing his way into it. [People were crowding to enter the kingdom by faith in Christ) (Dr. Merrill F. Unger, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1909-1980, Unger’s Commentary On The Gospels)].

11. Luke 17:20-21: “20 Now having been questioned by the Pharisees as to when the kingdom of God was coming, He answered them and said, “The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed; 21 nor will they say, ‘Look, here it is!’ or, ‘There it is!’ For behold, the kingdom of God is in your midst.” [The point of Jesus was that He was standing right in their midst. All they needed to do was acknowledge that He was indeed the Messiah who would bring in the kingdom — then the kingdom would come (Martin). {The erroneous translation of “the kingdom is within you,” is flawed. (Mine)}. {For certainly the kingdom was completely unconnected with the Pharisees to whom Jesus was speaking (v 20) (Ryrie)]

12. Luke 19:11 While they were listening to these things, Jesus went on to tell a parable, because He was near Jerusalem, and they supposed that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately. [The disciples still could not understand why they should not expect the political triumph of the messianic kingdom immediately (and without the cross) (Ryrie)].

13. Luke 21:10 Then He continued by saying to them, “Nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom, (These events will take place during the Tribulation) (Martin)].

14. Luke 21:31 So you also, when you see these things happening, recognize that the kingdom of God is near. [When the Tribulation comes, people will know that the kingdom of God is near. His words refer to the generation at the time of the cosmological events that will just precede His second coming. That generation will actually see the founding of the kingdom of God — something every generation of Jewish citizens has longed for throughout the nation’s history) (Martin)].

15. Luke 22:15-18: “15 And He said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I say to you, I shall never again eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He said, “Take this and share it among yourselves; 18 f or I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes.”(See Matthew 26:29 comment.)

16. Luke 22:29-30: “29 and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you30 that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Per Matt 19:28, in the kingdom, the apostles will rule over the other Jews who will be present during the kingdom, in Israel (Ezek 37:21; Matt 24:31), which shows that “the kingdom had not yet come).

17. Luke 23:42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come in Your kingdom!” [(Seeing Jesus dying on a cross  but believing that He would come into His kingdom shows the amazing faith of the thief (Ryrie). (This event shows that “the kingdom had not yet come (Mine)].

18. Luke 23:51 (he had not consented to their plan and action), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was waiting for the kingdom of God; [This occurred at the time of the crucifixion of Christ. “waiting for the kingdom of God;” this event shows that the kingdom had not yet come (Mine)].

D. Kingdom verses: John:

1. John 3:3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” [(To be born again is to be born from above, which is a requirement for entering into the kingdom (Ryrie)].

2. John 3:5 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. [In order to enter the kingdom, one needs to be regenerated by the Holy Spirit. A fallen man can not regenerate himself; he needs a divine operation. Only God’s Holy Spirit can regenerate the human spirit. The work of the Spirit is invisible  and mysterious like the blowing of the wind; man controls neither ((Edwin A. Blum, Th. M., Th. D., D. Theol., Bible Knowledge Commentary). (Take “water” and “Spirit” closely together to give a meaning like “spiritual seed.” In this case, being born of “water and the Spirit” will not differ greatly from being born “of the Spirit.” We should take the passage to mean being born of ‘spiritual water,” and see this as another way of referring to being born “of the Spirit.” (Leon Morris, Th. M., Ph. D., 1914-2006, The New International Commentary On The New Testament)].

3. John 18:36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My servants would be fighting so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not of this realm.” [The kingdom comes not by rebellion, but by submission to God. Its source was not men’s acts of violence but from a new birth from heaven, which transferred a person out of Satan’s kingdom into God’s kingdom (cf Col 1:13; John 3:3) (Blum)].

E. Kingdom verses: Acts:

1. Acts 1:3 To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God. (A time is coming, commonly known as the millennium, when God will  burst into human history, in a spectacular way to establish His rule on earth. This is what is known by the term “kingdom of God” [(cf. Matt 3:2; 13:10-16). Though this topic was the subject of much of the Lord’s teaching and preaching before the Cross, He saw fit to discuss it further during His 40 days of post-resurrection ministry (Dr. Stanley D. Toussaint, Th. M., Th. D., 1928-2017)].

2. Acts 1:6 So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” (The disciples were looking for the kingdom to come, which had not occurred.)

E. Acts 8:12, 14:22, 19:8, 20:25, 28:23, 28:31: In these verses the terms, “kingdom, and kingdom of God,” include the death and resurrection of Christ as its basis but also looks ahead to Christ’s reign on earth (Toussaint).

V. The Kingdom: Looking Backward – Looking Forward.

A. Jews knew that God was in Heaven (Deuteronomy 3:24), but did not have a belief that they (Jews) would go to Heaven. The eternal hope of the Jews was to be in the kingdom, “on earth,” which is correct. Believers in Christ have an expectant hope of being caught up and taken from earth to Heaven by Jesus (John 14:2-6; 1 Cor 15:50-54; 1 Thes 4:13-18). Christians also know that they will spend eternity in the Kingdom, after they return to earth with Jesus after the end of the Tribulation (Matt 24:29-30; Revelation 19:11-21; 20:4-6). The thousand years of the Kingdom Age will lead to eternity in the “eternal state of the new heavens, new earth, and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-3).  Per Ryrie Study Bible note on Isaiah 66:22-24: “Like the eternal new heavens and new earth, Israel will endure forever (v 22); mankind will bow before the Lord forever (v 23); and the wicked will be punished forever (v 24)” [Dr. Charles C. Ryrie (Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016), Ryrie Study Bible]. [The requirement for anyone to enter the Kingdom is to be born again (John 3:3)].

B. If the Jews of first century Israel had received Jesus as God’s chosen King (Deu 17:15), “the kingdom would have come, at that time.” “In the sermon on the mount, Jesus told the Jews to pray for the kingdom to come (Matt 6:10), “Thy kingdom come,” so that things on earth would be as they are in Heaven (Matt 6:10), “Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven.”

C. In all that has been written up to this point, there has been no explanation of what the kingdom actually is. None of the teachings of John the Baptist, Jesus, the disciples, or others, tell the meaning of the kingdom, or what it will be like in the kingdom. Many people have ill-contrived beliefs of what they think that the kingdom “was, is, or will be.” So, why were the Jews told about the kingdom, “which was near or at hand,” without providing a proper explanation of the kingdom? How would the Jews of first century Israel have known about the details of the kingdom? The answer to these questions will be provided in the next article on this website, “Thy Kingdom Come.”

VI. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VII. My Websites To Follow.

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep

https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come

Please follow all of these three websites.

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