Video Data: The Hoppers: Jerusalem.
The Use Of The Term, “Kingdom.”.
A. In the course of this study of “Thy Kingdom Come,” we will discuss the millennial Davidic kingdom. The millennial kingdom is declared to be a literal, earthly kingdom over which Christ rules from David’s throne in fulfillment of the Davidic covenant (2 Sam 7:8-17; Matt 1:1; Luke 1:32). The kingdom is the subject of Old Testament prophecy (2 Sam 7:8-17; Isa 9:6-7; 11:1-6; Jer 23:23:5; 33:14-17; Ezek 34:23; 37:24; Micah 4:6-8; 5:2; Zech 2:10-12; 8:20-23; Psalm 2;6, 8-10; 72:11; Mal 3:1-14). This kingdom was proclaimed as being “at hand” at Christ’s first advent (Matt 3:2; 4:17; 10:5-7); but was rejected by Israel and therefore postponed (Matt 23:37-39). It will again be announced to Israel in the tribulation period (Matt 24:14). It will be received by Israel and set up at the second advent of Christ (Isa 28:23; Rev 19:11-16; 20:1-6). (Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost (Th. B., Th., D., 1915-2) P 142.)
B. In regard to the terms “kingdom of God” and “the kingdom of the heavens” it is to be observed that, while not synonymous, they are used interchangeably. What distinctions there are, are no inherent in the words themselves, but in their usage in the context. Both of these terms are used to designate the millennial kingdom. While we recognize the distinctions between the earthly and the eternal aspects of the kingdom program, we must guard against making the terms “kingdom of God” and the “kingdom of the heavens” absolute. Only the context can determine the meaning intended to be conveyed by the terms. (Things To Come, P 144.)
C. In the Gospel according to Matthew this kingdom is designated in the main as the kingdom of heaven, whereas the Kingdom of God is mentioned but a few times . Matthew was writing to the Jews who had a peculiar reverence for the name “God.” — mark this, in spite of their most lack of perception of the true nature of the kingdom — and would easily understand the meaning of “the kingdom of heaven.” Mark and Luke, on the other hand, are writing to Gentiles, so they use the phrase “kingdom of God’ rather than the other. The kingdom is characterized as the kingdom of heaven because it is patterned after heaven and its perfection. Reference is also made in this name to the eternal and lasting value of this dominion. Furthermore, there is involved the thought of the heavenly origin and source of the kingdom, the God of heaven being He who will set it up. The name “kingdom of God” is employed because it points to the spiritual character of the reign and dominion. The glory of God is its chief and sole object. Christ’s work in which He seeks only to glorify His Father is complete when God is glorified. This is the aim and the purpose of the kingdom of God. (Things To Come, P434.)
II. Subject Basis.
With the understanding that the Jews who lived prior to, and during the life of Christ, had been taught Scriptures that relate to the Kingdom, we will discuss some of the Old Testament Scriptures that were made known to these people who are known as “God’s Chosen People” (Deuteronomy 14:2). We will focus on the prophecies of Isaiah for this study. The following Isaiah information comes from notes of Dr. Andy Woods, Th. M., J. D., Ph. D., in a discussion that was recorded at Duluth Bible Church, Minnesota. The date of the recording was November 1, 2020. The title of the discussion is: 06-The Kingdom In Isaiah. Dr. Woods is one of my most trusted theologians.Consider Andy’s bio. https://slbc.org/about/pastoral-staff/
III. Scriptures for consideration. 2 Timothy 3:16.
.A. “All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness.”
B. Here is a key to remember. All scripture is for us, but not all scripture is about us. We must consider context.
IV. The Doctrine Of The Kingdom. The Kingdom In Isaiah. Comments from Ryrie Study Bible. (Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph. D., 1925-2016).
A. Isaiah 2:1-4 – The Glory Of The Future Kingdom.
1. 2:1. The context is God, Isaiah, Judah and Jerusalem.
2. 2:2-4. As in Micah 4:1-5, a description of the millennial kingdom. God’s government (mountain) will be established over all the kingdoms of the world; Gentiles (nations) and Jews (peoples) will do the will of God; justice and peace will reign.
B. Isaiah 11:6-9 – Harmony In The Whole Creation.
Messiah’s reign in the yet future millennial kingdom will be characterized by harmony in the whole creation (Romans 8:18-20).
C. Isa 65:17-25 – The Characteristics Of The Kingdom.
A description of the millennial kingdom, which is preliminary to the “new heavens and a new earth” (v 17). Characteristics include Jerusalem being a joy instead of a burden (v 18; cf Zech 12:2-3), longevity (v 20; notice that sin will be punished in the millennium), peace and security (vv 21-23), and removing of the animosity to nature (v 25; cf. 11:7-9).
V. Old Testament Prophets Describe The Kingdom. Millennium is also used to mean “kingdom.” Comments come from the video discussion of Dr. Andy Woods.
A. Established by God. Isa 9:6-7).
B. Eternal (Isa 9:7).
C. Christ’s direct rule (Isa 11:4).
D. Earthly (Isa 11:4).
E. Israel’s restoration (Isa 27:13; Matt 24:31; Isa 11:11). This restoration will result in Jews returning to Israel in belief.
F. Israel’s preeminence (Isa 49:22-23; Isa 2:2-4; Isa 27:13). (My comment. Notice that the trumpet calls Jews to Jerusalem, which is not the same trumpet that calls believers to Heaven at the time of the rapture; 1 Cor 15:52; 1 Thes 4:16).
G. Millennial temple will have animal sacrifices (Isa 56:6-7). Children will be born in the millennium to those having unresurrected bodies, who will go from the tribulation into the millennium. Animal sacrifices will be used to teach unbelievers of the sacrifice that Christ made on the cross for all of mankind (Isa 53:1-9). My comment follows: The immediate context is that of the spiritual healing of Israel. The extended context is that of the sacrifice of Christ for the salvation of all who believe in Him. This passage does not relate to physical healing, of which the context does not allow. Consider all of the people of all of the years who never had a physical healing, or who died. In the millennium, all who enter in resurrected bodies will enter in eternal bodies having no flaw (1 Cor 15:50-54). The promise of Isa 53:1-9 is fulfilled in Rom 11:26, “all Israel will be saved.” But, there is no such promise for those who have physical ailments or death. Those who enter the millennium in mortal bodies, or who are born during the time of the millennium, will have “perishable bodies.” Prior to entry into the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-2), all born again people in the millennium will be given resurrection/glorified/imperishable bodies, having eternal blessings, such as of (Rev 21:4, no tears, or death, or mourning, or crying or pain). Those who enter the kingdom with Jesus will have been given resurrection bodies at the time of the rapture (1 Cor 15:50-54).
H. Righteousness (Isa 9:6-7).
I. Knowledge (Isa 11:6-9).
J. Curse curtailed. (Isa 65:20-22). My comments follow: The effects of the curse (Gen 3:14-19) will felt at the end of the Millennium when the unsaved people of the kingdom age join the forces of Satan at the time of the Battle of Gog and Magog (Rev 20:7-9) in a final, unsuccessful, attack on God’s people. There will also be death among people who enter the millennium in mortal bodies, or who are born during the millennium (Isa 65:20). During the time of the eternal state, the curse will be reversed (there will be no curse, no death, per Rev 21:4; Rev 22:3).
K. Peace (Isa 2:4; 11:6-9; 65:25).
L. Prosperity (Isa 65:22).
M. Topographical Changes (Isa 35:6-7, water will be in the desert). (Isa 30:26, the sun will be seven times brighter). (Isa 35:5-6, physical healing will abound).
N. Immediate answers to prayer (Isa 65:24).
VI. The teaching of Jews in the Old Testament on the Kingdom.
A. Rabbis were Jewish religious teachers who taught and discussed interpretations of the Jewish law in the courtyards of the Temple (see Luke 2:46). Per my article on “The Offer Of the Kingdom to Israel,” Jesus and His disciples did not need to repeat the detailed teaching on the Kingdom that had already been taught to Jews by Rabbis and other Jewish leaders.
B. Jews would have been taught the details of the Davidic Kingdom 2 Samuel 7:12-16, (Ryrie comments) as follows:
This great covenant that God graciously made with David included the following provisions: (1) David would have a son who would succeed him and establish his kingdom (v 12); (2) that son (Solomon) rather than David, would build the Temple (v 13a); (3) the throne of Solomon’s kingdom would be established forever (v 13b); (4) though David’s sins justified chastening, God’s “lovingkindness” (Heb., “hesed;” steadfast love) would be forever (vv 14-15); (5) David’s house, kingdom, and throne would be established forever (v 16). The covenant did not guarantee uninterrupted rule by David’s family (and, in fact, the Babylonian Exile interrupted it), but it did promise that the right to rule would always remain with David’s dynasty. Jesus Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of these promises (Luke 1:31-33) and, although at this present time He is not ruling from the throne of David (Heb 12:2), at His second coming He will assume this throne (See Matt 1:11; 19:28; Acts 15:15).
C. Jews received received continuous family teaching on things of Israel (Deu 6:1-25): “when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up.” You shall bind them as a sign on your hand and they shall be as frontals on your forehead. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and your gates” (vs 7-9).
D. It is important to understand that the Gospel of Matthew was written to a Jewish audience, per:
It’s widely accepted that Matthew was written for a Jewish audience. While the book doesn’t say “to my Jewish friends,” a mountain of context clues tell us that Matthew really wanted his audience to see Christ in relationship to Jewish tradition—which would have had little relevance to a Gentile audience.
VII. My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.
VIII. My Websites To Follow.
https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Book Prep
https://newsandcommentary38395276.wordpress.com/ Thy Kingdom Come