Kingdom Prophecies – Psalms: Introduction And Psalms 2-14

Video Data. All The Glory – Terry MacAlmon


I. Introduction. References.

A. All Scripture is for us, but not all Scripture is about us. The Psalms cover a period of time of the nation of Israel from their exodus from Egypt (Ps 66:2, re: Ex 14:21) to Israel in the eternal state (Ps 46:4, Re: Rev 21:12; 22:1). Gentiles will come under the blessings and judgments of Israel, as Gentiles may be in the presence of Jews when God’s blessings, and judgments, are poured out on Israel. During the Tribulation, unsaved Jews and Gentiles will come under the same Tribulation Judgments ( Jer 30:7; Rev 3:9-10). During the millennial Kingdom age, saved Gentiles will be grafted into the fulfilled blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant on Israel (Rom 11:17-24), with Jews being grafted “back in” after they come to belief in Christ at the end of the Tribulation (Zech 12:10). (All Scripture references are provided by the Ryrie Study Bible).

B. As we enter into this study of the Book of Psalms, one key factor of understanding will surface, which is “context.” Many people read the psalms in times of sorrow and grief. However, there are “comfort psalms” that are actually promises of God to Israel that relate to the effects of the holiness that will overshadow the entire world, and everyone in the world, during the future millennial Kingdom age. Such Kingdom blessings will be clearly present and evident to all of whom will be alive during the “yet future” earthly reign of Jesus, when God’s unconditional covenant with Abraham comes to fruition (Genesis 12:2-3). The Abrahamic Covenant is an unconditional covenant because “neither nothing, nor nobody” can thwart God’s promises to Abraham which will be realized through the covenant seed of Isaac, Jacob, and Judah (Gen 15:5, 18-21; 17:5-8; 22:15-18; 26:1-4; 28:13-15; 35:9-12; 49:10). 

C. This is not an exhaustive study of the psalms. In this study, “of the Psalms in the Kingdom” there will be included psalms that relate to the Kingdom, such as Messianic psalms, and psalms that relate to the Tribulation. Such inclusion of Messianic and Tribulation psalms will identify factors of “the end times” (Isa 2:2), and “the day of the Lord” (Joel 1:15), which relate to Israel and were made known to Israel through Jewish prophets. The “last days,” as was taught by New Testament writers (2 Timothy 3:1; 1 Tim 1:4-5; James 5:3; 2 Pet 3:3), relate to the church age, being the whole period between the Apostles’ writings and the Lord’s return. (2 Tim 3:1; 1 Tim 4:1-5). 

D. It is important to understand, as it relates to Biblical prophecy, that the return of the Lord in the Rapture of the Church (1 Cor 15:50-54) was not included in Old Testament prophecy, as it was a mystery to the Jewish prophets  (1 Cor 15:50-54 shows that such a “mystery” was unknown in the Old Testament, but became known in New Testament writings, e.g., Rom 11:25, 16:25; 1 Cor 2:7; 15:50- 51; Eph 1:9; 3:3-4, 9; 5:32; 6:19; Col 1:26-27; 2:2; 4:3; 2 Thes 2:7; 1 Tim 3:9, 16;). “Mystery” was not related to confusion, but to revelation that was only revealed by God’s Holy Spirit at such a time of God’s choosing (which took place during the church age).

II. Prophecy In The Psalms. Overview.

A. Every Prophecy Of The Bible. 

1. Though the Book of Psalms recorded the worship, prayers, and experiences of the psalmists, it was only natural that faith in God would anticipate the prophetic future. Prominent in the expectation of the Lord’s people was the future care and faithfulness of God (1:1-3), the reward of the righteousness judgment on the wicked (1:4-7; Rev 20:11-15), the expectation of the coming Messiah, the hope of the reign of Christ in His future kingdom (Ps 2), and confirmation of the Abrahamic (105:8-11) and Davidic (89:11-37) Covenants. These prophecies are all fulfilled in history and prophecy. (P 72)

2. In addition to Scriptures that were specifically prophetic of a future situation were many passages that are in the present tense which anticipated a future situation. Whether or not these passages are classified as prophecy, they, nevertheless, provided support and illustration of the joyous hope of the saints for a glorious future. (P 73).

3. Messianic Prophecy And The Kingdom. Messianic prophecy usually included the psalms that are specifically messianic, such as Psalms 2, 16, 22, 40, 45, 69, 72, 89, and 118. Some psalms are not included formally in the messianic psalms, nevertheless they refer to Christ. Among these are the eschatological palms, 96-99, which refer to the enthronement of the King. (P 80)

B. Christ In The Scriptures. 

Finding Jesus in the Book of Job is a bit more of a challenge than finding references to Him in the Psalms. The Psalms are replete with allusions to Him! The coming King is a frequently repeated theme of these ancient Hebrew worship songs. Many specifically anticipate the life and ministry of Jesus Christ, the One who came centuries later as the promised Messiah. One kind of messianic psalm, called the enthronement psalm, anticipates the day when Yahweh (God) will consummate His kingdom in the person of the Messiah. The psalmists may not have understood what they were writing, but they wrote with both eyes focused on eternity (see Ps 96-99).

C. DiscoveringThe Psalms. The Psalms as you see them now in the Old Testament, were purposefully placed in order. In Israelite history, someone took those divinely inspired songs and ordered them into five books. And eventually, these five books came to reveal the history and the future of Israel, the bright future for Israel. (The following links come from a study of the Psalms by Friends Of Israel. This opening statement comes from the Oct 12, 2019 program).

III. Prophecy In The Psalms. Verses from NASB 1995.

Psalm 2:1-2 

1 Why are the nations in an uproar And the peoples devising a vain thing?

2 The kings of the earth take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against the Lord and against His Anointed,…

“His anointed.” The Davidic king and ultimately Jesus Christ (RSB).

Psalm 2:6

“But as for Me, I have installed My King Upon Zion, My holy mountain.”

“installed” into office as king. “Zion.” Jerusalem, where Messiah will reign during the Millennium (Isa 2:3) (RSB).

Psalm 2:7

“I will surely tell of the decree of the Lord: He said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.

“My Son.” The legitimate Davidic king (2 Sam 7:14). “Today I have begotten You.” The day of coronation. The NT relates this to Christ’s resurrection  (Acts 13:33-34; Rom 1:4; Heb 1:5; 5:5) (RSB).

Psalm 2:9‘You shall break them with a rod of iron, You shall shatter them like earthenware.’”

Messiah will “break” and “shatter them” when He comes again to this earth (Rev 2:27; 19:15) (RSB).

Psalm 5:7

But as for me, by Your abundant lovingkindness I will enter Your house, At Your holy temple I will bow in reverence for You.

“lovingkindness.” The word reflects David’s understanding of God’s loving choice of him as the vehicle for the Davidic covenant that includes the future coming of David’s supreme son, the Messiah (2 Sam 7:16) which will come about through God’s faithfulness (MBC).

Psalm 6:4-5

4 Return, O Lord, rescue my soul; Save me because of Your lovingkindness.
5 For there is no mention of You in death; In Sheol who will give You thanks?

David is not discussing the question of whether there is consciousness after death; he is simply stating that only the living can publicly give thanks to God here on earth. Re Sheol: Gen 37:35 note: “Sheol.” Used 65 times in the OT, Sheol often means the grave, where the body is placed at death (cf. Num 16:30, 33; Ps 16:10). It can also refer to the place of the departed spirits, of both the righteous (as here) and the wicked (cf. Prov 9:18) (RSB). 

Psalm 6:8 

Depart from me, all you who do iniquity, For the Lord has heard the voice of my weeping.

David speaks as a king purging his kingdom of evildoers. Christ quoted the verse in a similar way (Matt 7:23) (RSB).

Psalm 8:4-5)

4 What is man that You take thought of him, And the son of man that You care for him?
5 Yet You have made him a little lower than God, And You crown him with glory and majesty!

“God.” The Hebrew word “Elohim” is usually translated here as “God.” The psalmist views man, created in God’s image, as a little lower than “God.” In Heb 2:6-8, the passage is applied to Christ as Son of Man (RSB).

Psalms 8:6-8

6 You make him to rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet,
7 All sheep and oxen, And also the beasts of the field,
8 The birds of the heavens and the fish of the sea, Whatever passes through the paths of the seas.

Man was given the high position of ruling over the earth but forfeited it when he sinned. Yet, he will regain that position in Christ, who will subject all things to Himself when He comes again (RSB).

Psalm 9:10

And those who know Your name will put their trust in You, For You, O Lord, have not forsaken those who seek You.

“The expression, “those who seek you,” is applied in the OT to Israelites and proselytes [cf. Ex 18:15; Ezra 4:2] (MBC).

Psalms 9:17 

The wicked will return to Sheol, Even all the nations who forget God.

The wicked go to Sheol (meaning “the grave.”) Re: Gen 37:35 note: “Sheol.” Used 65 times in the OT, Sheol often means the grave, where the body is placed at death (cf. Num 16:30, 33; Ps 16:10). It can also refer to the place of the departed spirits, of both the righteous (as here) and the wicked (RSB).

Psalm 11:4

The Lord is in His holy temple; the Lord’s throne is in heaven; His eyes behold, His eyelids test the sons of men.

“The Lord is in His holy temple,” that is, heaven,” of which the earthly temple was only “a copy and shadow” (Heb 8:5). This point is further driven home by the parallel statement, “the Lord’s throne is in heaven.” This indicates God’s dual role, embodied and eternally fulfilled in the Anointed One, the Son of God, as both king (His throne) and priest (His being in the holy temple), a combination of offices otherwise forbidden among the Israelites (MBC).

Psalms 14:7 

Oh, that the salvation of Israel would come out of Zion! When the Lord restores His captive people, Jacob will rejoice, Israel will be glad.

David longs for the establishing of the messianic kingdom on earth (cf. Isa 59:20-21; Rom 11:26-27). “Zion.” Jerusalem, which will be the capital of the kingdom (Isa 2:3) (RSB).

IV. References, by paragraphs above.

I. Ryrie Study Bible. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph., D., 1925-2016.

II. A. Dr. John F. Walvoord (Th. B., Th. M., Th. D., 1910-2002). II. B. Holman Christian Standard Bible, Dr. Kevin R. Warstler (Th. M., Ph. D.). II. C. Friends Of Israel

III. A. Ryrie Study Bible. Dr. Charles C. Ryrie, Th. M., Th. D., Ph., D., 1925-2016.  B. Moody Bible Commentary. Multiple Faculty Contributors.

V. Bucket List.

My Bucket List shows the references, of people and documents, that I use when I write my articles.

Bucket List

VI. Websites.

My Websites To Follow. Eternity Book Prep Thy Kingdom Come

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